Discovery of fire had been an important episode in human development. Besides other important things, it taught the art of cooking food to early man. Over the centuries our cooking habits have evolved and become more comprehensive. We have added different tastes and cooking styles. Spices, vegetables, grains, pulses etc are no doubt important ingredients of our food. But there is another very important ingredient which determines to a great extent the taste and quality of our food; cooking oil/edible oil.
Have you ever wondered how essential edible oils are in our daily diet? You can gauge it from the fact that in ancient times it was one of the most valuable trade and economic goods. People all over the world have continued to use edible oil in their food since ages. Their need for a cooking medium is inevitable and uniform in all parts of world, only differing in the source of edible oil they use. Only in the recent times has its availability become so obvious but it was not always like that.
Industrial revolution has in many ways made our lives easier. Growth of automatic and mechanized systems have reduced the manual input, cost of production, time required for production and has increased the overall produce and availability of many products. Oil extraction is another such industry which has benefitted from the same. Use of machines has greatly simplified a lot of process and it helps in maintaining a uniform quality of produce. Apart from this, mechanization has led to opening up of many small medium and large scale entrepreneurial establishments. Oil extraction/ oil milling industry works hands in glove with the farmers and provides a ready market for a lot of their agricultural produce.
Edible oil can be extracted from different oil seeds like peanuts, sunflower, soya bean, cottonseed etc. Different people have adapted to use oil extracted from the most available and cultivable option in that area. Equally diverse is the quality of ultimate extracted oil which depends heavily on various parameters which should be closely monitored while extraction. There are various mill designs and extraction methods which are employed currently.
Nevertheless the task of oil extraction industry is to extract and maintain the quality of oil and supply it to our kitchens to add flavor to our food.